Who Were the Nubians?

Who Were the Nubians?

A thousand years before the 701 B.C.E. siege of Jerusalem, the Black African world experienced new growth and development. The makeup of the population changed dramatically with the introduction of the Hebrew culture. During this millennium, the Hyksos came to power in Lower Egypt. The Hebrew Jacob and all his family were given refuge in the Nile Delta area by the ruling Hyksos. The Hebrews thrived and became highly skilled in iron working and the production of wheeled vehicles. The Hyksos did not share ancestry with the ancient Egyptian tribes. Rather, they arrived to Egypt via the Mediterranean Sea and had Canaanite names. They received credit for bringing new weapons of warfare to Egypt such as horse drawn chariots, horseback riding, and especially the composite bow and arrow.  Seeing the talents of the Hebrew people, the ruling Hyksos sought to recruit them to serve their end against invasions coming from the Babylonian and Hittite nations. They moved a number of Hebrews to the land of Goshen below Upper Egypt along the great Nile River with the intent that they produce and deliver the greatly needed raw materials necessary for trade and wealth to Lower Egypt. Goshen was already occupied by Black Africans. The mixing of the two groups may account for the accelerated growth in population. The children of Israel multiplied from a few to a nation of over three million people in a relatively short period of time.  Eventually, the Hebrews and Africans coalesced and began to build a shared culture. They became displeased with the treatment showed them by the Egyptians. This led to a failed rebellion against the Hyksos, and they found themselves in the dilemma of force labor. Decades passed. Thousands escaped, finding new homes in the North African territory where green vegetation remained plentiful. Much of this area today is covered by the Sahara Desert.  Moses led the main tribes of Hebrews living in Upper Egypt on the exodus out of Egypt, they worked in the quarries excavating stones, rocks, and marble used to build and create monuments, temples, and statues. When Moses called for his people to follow him to the Promised Land, those Hebrews who never had the opportunity to move further south followed him and crossed the Red Sea. However, the vast majority of Hebrew people living in Goshen were not part of that expedition. Later, the people of Goshen establish their own kingdom and called themselves Nubians.  The Nubians play a critical role in our story of The Black Angel of the...

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Exploding Asteroid

Exploding Asteroid

The region known as the Sahara Desert was once fertile land and occupied by many people. Gradually their crops became weaker. The rains came less often. Over time their problems grew into a long-term drought. Unknown to them the earth’s changing weather patterns were responsible. These people were highly superstious. They assumed evil spirits were to blame, and the concept of evil beings know as the Ell was born. The Ell became the culprits for all their troubles. Today we have an abundance of physical evidence supporting two theorys for the weather changes. One is the Earth’s movement on its axis, causing slight changes annually in weather patterns around the globe. The other deals with an asteroid explosion that could have affected world climate. Learned facts uphold these speculations. First, a clay disc called the Sumerian Planisphere was discovered by Victorian archaeologist Henry Layard in the ruins of the library of the ancient Royal Palace at Nineveh. It displays a recorded history of star locations in the night sky, showing the path of an object believed to be an asteroid headed in the direction of Europe. With computer aided models of the night sky, astronomers dated the evidence to the year 3123 B.C.E. Second, studies made by Ohio University Professor Lonnie G. Thompson, using a seasonal dating process, provide proof of an asteroid event. He found a line of asteroid material that dates back five-thousand-two-hundred years ago in ice cores taken from various sites around the world. The correct explanation for the African drought could be the asteroid but the earth’s tilt on its axis is the most likely since the desert continues to grow. The desert expansion would very likely be receding over such a long period of time if it was caused by the asteroid. Nevertheless, it remains a mystery which theory is correct but, either way, while writing The Black Angel of the Lord it was the impact of climate changes and the drought upon the people in North Africa that concerns us more than the explanation for...

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Lush fertile acreage becomes Desert Wasteland

Lush fertile acreage becomes Desert Wasteland

Over 6,000 years ago, nearly all of the territory now known as the Sahara Desert teemed with fruitful green vegetation, forests, wild life, and lakes filled with many fish. Today the question is: What caused such a large area to experience climate changes severe enough to generate the great Sahara Desert over time? With technology and scientific information, we can determine what our planet was like six-thousand years in the past. Studies of the North African region reveal evidence of an ongoing drought and we can calculate back to its beginning by measuring the desert’s rate of succession. Astronomically, we can rewind the bodies in the heavens to find out what events, if any, occurred at the time. One explanation for the drought involves the earth’s spin on its axis as it travels around the sun. Today the earth’s tilt is 23 degrees from zero. A minute and constant change in that angle causes very slow changes in climate on the surface of the earth. Unfortunately, North Africa sets in a location where this change is most obvious. You might say the movement of the earth causes the draught in North Africa which, in turn, slowly increases the Sahara Desert. An alternative theory of what triggered the slow climate transformation of North Africa comes from the heavens. Some astronomers believe an asteroid, one and a quarter miles wide, created a huge fireball as it entered the earth’s atmosphere with a tail hundreds of miles long. As it passed over the Austrian Alps, it burst with a tremendous explosion several hundred feet high over Northern Europe and caused sudden changes in the earth’s weather patterns in several areas of the globe, including North Africa. Whatever caused much of North Africa to transform from a lush fertile area into the desert wasteland as we know it today, the people and their cultures also changed through the centuries. One character in The Black Angel of the Lord, Ramtouses, was born into an African culture that slowly changed over time with the...

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We Search for Explanations

We Search for Explanations

Humankind continuously searches for explanations of the unknown. Many people accept the literal translation of the Holy Bible while others think of it as myth. A third group of people including some scientists say, “Wait a minute. Maybe these phenomena can be proven scientifically.” Through tedious research, they developed plausible explanations for many of the stories accepted as miracles through the centuries. Their work established some validity to the miracles in ways people who lived before the twentieth century could never have constructed. Take the story we tell in The Black Angel of the Lord. It may not have the scientific support that is given to some of the Biblical miracles (such as the parting of the Red Sea, or the destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah) but yet, there is a great deal of evidence vindicating its possibility. Our story revolves around what happened at the Assyrian siege of Jerusalem in 701 B. C. E. The evidence reveals a developing drought in North Africa which certainly caused the migration of many people through the centuries and changed the future of that world. The evidence also promotes discussion regarding the proof or disproof of the Assyrian siege on Jerusalem and the Assyrian domination of the Mediterranean world. Considering the fact that Jerusalem was not destroyed by the Assyrians, what explanation can account for the demise of one-hundred eighty-five thousand Assyrians? Did an angel actually fly from heaven at God’s command, or did God use some other means to wipe out the entire Assyrian army? Is the account related in II Kings 19 given as a parable of the event? We can accept the Bible literally and believe an angel slew the Assyrian army overnight, or we can theorize using God’s gift of scientific discovery. Both choices can glorify God as long as we do not limit the Almighty’s power nor forget that our Creator controls...

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